Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK (1881-1938)

Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK (1881-1938)


Mustafa Kemal, the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey, was born in Salonika in 1881. After completing his studies at the Military Middle School in 1895, he was successfully graduated from the Military High School (Askerî İdadî) in Manastir. Then he went to Istanbul, completed his studies at the Military College (Harbiye), where he was enrolled on 13th of March 1899; enrolled in the Command and General Staff College in 1902, and graduated with the rank of staff captain on the 11th of January, 1905. The Turkish forces, at command of Mustafa Kemal, who had an extraordinary military skill, fought a “War of Independence” against the occupying Allied powers and won victories on all the fronts. On the 24th of July 1923, with the signing of the Treaty of Lausanne, both that victory and the subsequent new Turkish State were recognized by all the countries. Mustafa Kemal built up a new, sturdy, vigorous state. On the 29th of October 1923, the civil order of the new Turkish Sate was declared as Republic; and Mustafa Kemal was elected as the first President of the Republic of Turkey. On the 1st of July 1927, during his first visit in Istanbul after the foundation of the Republic, Ataturk said in his speech at the greeting hall of the palace; "I’m talking in this palace, in which the people were forced to imagine a ghost as strong as seven saints until eight years ago. However, this palace is not the palace of shadows of the God but is the palace of a nation who is not a shadow and I am glad to be here as an individual from that nation...” For Ataturk, Dolmabahce Palace is an indicator of the past but also of the future, and has meaning of a property of a nation that changed their government from monarchy to republic. For this reason, he resided at Dolmabahce Palace during his each visit in Istanbul; and as he himself expressed, he was there as a representative and guest of the nation. From the date of the Language and History Congresses to that of the Tenth Year Speech (Speech Delivered by Ataturk on the Tenth Anniversary of the Foundation of the Republic), many important decisions and action for the Republic was taken in this palace. In his photographs taken in Dolmabahce Palace, he has the appearance of a distinguished member, statesman, and politician of the Turkish Republic. Sometimes he inspects soldiers with his panama hat in his hands, sometimes he hosts foreign statesmen with his top hat and tailcoat, sometimes appears with the identity of a ballroom gentleman in a wedding ceremony at the greeting hall. In these photographs showing the group with both men and women, some notables of the state of that period such as Celal Bayar, Kazım Özalp, Tevfik Rüştü Aras behind him; Ataturk is in the position of the representative of a country and nation in the way of modernization, with all his dressing style from his bowler hat to walking stick as well as with his behaviors. Maybe the photograph taken when he was at a desk in one of the rooms allocated for him in the palace shows his confidence in the future of a Republic being exalted, and his peace of mind and belief in this regard, rather than the fatigue as a consequence of the wars. His tired and exhausted appearance is seen in the photograph taken at the quay of the Palace in 1937, when his disease was progressed. Despite all the fatigue seen, Atatürk was on his feet, and apparently he was about to go on an important trip in company with the Celal Bayar the Prime Minister of the period, who is seen behind him.

Eminent People Who Lived In The Palaces
SULTAN SELİM III. (1789-1807)
SULTAN ABDÜLMECİD (1839-1861)
SULTAN ABDÜLAZİZ (1861-1876)
SULTAN MURAD V. (1876-1876)
SULTAN ABDÜLHAMİD II. (1876-1909)
SULTAN MEHMED REŞAD (1909-1918)
SULTAN MEHMED VAHİDEDDİN VI. (1918-1922)
CALIPH ABDÜLMECİD EFENDİ (1922-1924)
Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK (1881-1938)
 
 
 
 
 
Adres: TBMM Genel Sekreterliği (Milli Saraylar), Dolmabahçe Sarayı - Beşiktaş / İSTANBUL Tel: 212 236 90 00 - Faks 212 227 66 73