CALIPH ABDÜLMECİD EFENDİ (1922-1924)

Halife Abdülmecid Efendi (1922-1924)


Abdülmecid Efendi (1 June 1868-23 August 1944) was born in Dolmabahçe Palace as the son of Sultan Abdülaziz and Hayranidil Kadınefendi, in his younger ages he was enrolled in the artillery branch of the army and he was educated by Halil, Hüseyin and Said Paşas. He was interested in horsemanship, hunting, wrestling, fencing and painting and music, he developed his art as a painter. Abdülmecid Efendi who knew French, Persian, Arabic in good livel, learned also German and English as much as to follow the publications. Abdülmecid Efendi who was in close relations with art and literature circles, during his princehood worked in Fer’iye Palace in winters and in the ateliers situated in Bağlarbaşı Köşü in summers. When he became hair apparent, he continued working in Dolmabahçe Hair Section and in his atelier in Dolmabahçe, when he settled here as caliph. Abdülmecid Efendi became the honorary president of the Ottoman Painters Association founded in 1909 and he supported financially for the publication of Ottoman Painters Association Newspaper. The first of 1914 generation besides supporting Galatasaray exhibitions opened in Galatasaray Dormitory in 1916, he himself participated in this activity by his paintings. The supports and interest of Abdülmecid Efendi for the painting was not limited with this. Another one is the activity named as Şişli Atelier. The art works produced in Şişli Atelier took their place in Vienna Exhibition in 1918 that was the first exhibition opened in Europe by Turkish painters. Abdülmecid Efendi, participated to 1918 Vienna exhibition by his paintintings, “Otoportre”, “Harem’de Goethe”, “Harem’de Beethoven” and “I.Sultan Selim”. In 1 November 1922 as the sultanate and the caliphate were separated and as Vahideddin left Istanbul in 17 November 1922, Abdülmecid Efendi was chosen caliph by Turkish Grand National Assembly. In 3 March 1924 caliphate was abolished by law and the Ottoman Emperor was sent abroad. Abdülmecid Efend first went to Switzerland then to Nice in France and he settled in Paris. In 1944 he died here and he was buried in Medine Cenetül-Baki tomb.

Eminent People Who Lived In The Palaces
SULTAN SELİM III. (1789-1807)
SULTAN ABDÜLMECİD (1839-1861)
SULTAN ABDÜLAZİZ (1861-1876)
SULTAN MURAD V. (1876-1876)
SULTAN ABDÜLHAMİD II. (1876-1909)
SULTAN MEHMED REŞAD (1909-1918)
SULTAN MEHMED VAHİDEDDİN VI. (1918-1922)
CALIPH ABDÜLMECİD EFENDİ (1922-1924)
Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK (1881-1938)
 
 
 
 
 
Adres: TBMM Genel Sekreterliği (Milli Saraylar), Dolmabahçe Sarayı - Beşiktaş / İSTANBUL Tel: 212 236 90 00 - Faks 212 227 66 73