GALERİ

 

The “understanding of accumulating” in the period of Sultan Abdulmecid (1839-1861), in which the paintings presented to the palace are predominant, led to the understanding of collecting works of art in the period of  Sultan Abdulaziz (1861-1876). The relation between Ahmed Ali (Sugar Ahmed Pasha), who studied painting in Europe, and his French teacher Jean-Léon Gérôme has shown some effects that have reached up to the palace. He turned the accumulation in the palace into a collection, with the works of art purchased from Goupil   Art Gallery in Paris that belongs to his father-in law, upon the orders of the palace and recommendations of Gérôme. Some painters such as the Polish painter Stanislaw Chlebowski who has served in the Palace; French Pierre Désiré Guillemet who has drawn pictures for the Palace, and Russian Ivan Konstantinovic Aivazovskythe have strengthened that accumulation.

 

The collection of the Palace has been diversified with the paintings of the  Italian painter Luigi Acquarone (1800-1896) in the period of Sultan Abdulhamid II (1876-1909), and with the paintings of Fausto Zonaro (1854-1929), another Italian painter,  who has served in the palace after his death, the portraits of the Western rulers given to the dynasty as a gift, as well as the works of art of the soldier painters, painters from Darüşşafaka (Ottoman Secondary School for Orphans) and the painters graduated from Sanayi-i Nefise (Academy of Fine of Fine Arts). At the end of the 19th century, an important accumulation was created in the painting collection, with the paintings entered the Palace in consequence of the exhibitions held in Turkey.

 

A rich accumulation consisting of the works of art in Dolmabahce Palace, Beylerbeyi Palace, Yıldız Şale, Küçüksu Pavilion, Aynalıkavak Pavilion, Maslak Pavilion, and Yalova Atatürk Mansion constitutes the Paintings Collection of the National Palaces. Dolmabahce Palace that hosted the first painting collection of our country has the majority in terms of the number of works of art. There exist very valuable signatures on some works of art among the orientalist paintings reflecting the mystery of the East, nature and city images, historical paintings and portraits.

 

As for the Photo Collection of the National Palaces, it has an important place in the Ottoman photography art developed within the triangle of Sultan-photographer-society. The collection consists of an important accumulation, which carries to our time the agenda of the Ottoman Empire, mainly that of the 33 years of period of Sultan Abdulhamid II. Sultan Abdulhamid II has attached much importance to photograph; followed up both his country and the foreign countries through the photographs; and moreover, he has made character tests on the photographs.

 

 

 

 

SELECTIONS FROM THE PAINTINGS COLLECTION

 

Painting

The Italian Orientalist painter Stefano Ussi's (1822/32-1901) painting called Surre Regiment depicts the deva caravan carrying gifts from Cairo to Kaaba, the pilgrims and a regiment of the Ottoman army assigned to protect the caravan. Surre Regiment is the largest painting of the Painting Collection of the National Palaces. The composition reflects the emotions of the Muslim during the pilgrimage to Mecca, whose ethnic structures, growing styles and point of views regarding Islam are different. The frame of the painting dated 1873 is surrounded by Arabic Kufic script, which is a part of the 126th verse in Surah Al-Imran, saying “There is no help or victory except from Allah, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise”. The painting called Surre Regiment is supposed to be included in the Palace’s collection by being purchased or given by Mısır Hıdivi as a gift for Sultan Abdülaziz.

 

 

 

Painting

In the Still-Life with Watermelon named painting of Hüseyin Zekâî Pasha (1859/60-1919), who has served as an aide-de-camp in the palace, the environment is given as a surface, on which the objects are placed, in accordance with the common understanding of the period. The light highlights the texture of the objects given in front of a dark background, and the plastic impact. The extending branches and flowers highlight the effect of depth and dynamism in the picture. The cut watermelon and melon are given in the warmest colors.

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Adres: TBMM Genel Sekreterliği (Milli Saraylar), Dolmabahçe Sarayı - Beşiktaş / İSTANBUL Tel: 212 236 90 00 - Faks 212 227 66 73